(Dec. 7, 2014) — On October 21, The Post & Email reported having sent a FOIA request to the U.S. State Department for a certified copy of a Consular Report of Birth Abroad (CRBA) for Sen. Ted Cruz (R-TX), if it exists, which would prove that he was registered by his parents as a U.S. citizen upon his birth in Calgary, Alberta, Canada on December 22, 1970.
Cruz has been widely touted as a 2016 presidential candidate. Born to a Cuban-citizen father and U.S.-citizen mother, there are doubts as to whether or not Cruz is eligible for the presidency under Article II, Section 1, clause 5 of the U.S. Constitution, which requires that the president and commander-in-chief be a “natural born Citizen.”
Many in the mainstream media and the public conflate the terms “U.S. citizen” and “natural born Citizen,” making no distinction between the two. Originally, the Framers of the Constitution had insisted that the president be simply “a Citizen,” but a letter from John Jay to George Washington written on July 25, 1787 convinced Washington and the others to define the presidency requirements as:
No person except a natural born citizen, or a citizen of the United States, at the time of the adoption of this Constitution, shall be eligible to the office of President; neither shall any person be eligible to that office who shall not have attained to the age of thirty five years, and been fourteen Years a resident within the United States.
There is ample evidence that historically, the citizenship of the parents was considered when determining a child’s status. Four Supreme Court cases dealing with citizenship issues over the years appear to show that the term “natural born Citizen” referred to a different standard than simply “a citizen.”